Expedition Members


British Antarctic Expedition (1898 - 1900) Continued

Herlof Klovstad: 30, Medical Officer.  Klovstad was born in Norway in 1868. He attended Kristiania University where he gained both an MA and a MD.  At the time of joining the expedition he was a resident doctor at a hospital near Bergen. Klovstad died soon after the return of the expedition. Cape Klovstad in Robertson Bay named after him.

<p>Drawing above Elllefsen's Bed (credit AHT Collection)</p>
Kolbein Ellefsen: 23, Assistant.  Ellefsen passed his Civil Service Examination and was an experienced sailor.  When he was appointed to the expedition he was working in an office in Tønsberg, Norway. He was also the Cook on the expedition and a talented artist.

Ole Must: 22  (1878-1934), Dog handler.  Must was born in Norway 1877.   He was an experienced snow-shoe runner - a Sami from Northern Norway.  Carsten Borchgrevink always spoke highly of Ole Must and his contribution to the expedition.

Per Savio:22 (1877-1905),  Dog handler.  Savio was also a Sami from Northern Norway.  Carsten Borchgrevink always spoke highly of Per Savio and his contribution to the expedition.  On one occassion Savio in fact saved Borchgrevink's life after he fell into a crevasse.

 

Louis Charles Bernacchi: 24,  Astronomer and Physicist.  Bernacchi was born in Tasmania, Australia in 1876.  As the eldest son of the owner of Maria Island, he was educated at Hutchins School in Hobart then entered the Melbourne Observatory (1895) and became qualified as an astronomer, meteorologist and magnetic expert. Bernacchi was also responsible for instruments and explosives on the expedition.

Louis Bernacchi repeats magnetic observations on Ridley Beach, 1902 (credit  A Skelton Collection, Canterbury Museum)
He had been appointed to the 1897 Belgian Antarctic Expedition but was unable to join the Belgica so he decided to join Borchgrevink. He later served on Robert Falcon Scott’s National Antarctic (Discovery) Expedition (1901-04) as physicist and on his return from that expedition he embarked on various private expeditions.  In 1910 he entered politics.

He served during World War One and was awarded the United States Navy Cross and OBE. In 1925 he began to plan his own Antarctic expedition and but this never eventuated. He died in London in 1942.

Cape Bernacchi and Bernacchi Bay on the Victoria Land Coast and Bernacchi Head on Franklin Island are named after Louis Bernacchi.

 

William Colbeck: 27, Magnetic Observer and Cartographer.  Colbeck was born at Kingston-upon-Hull England 1871. He was the son of a Hull lawyer and educated at Hull Grammar School. Colbeck undertook a six month course in navigation before going to sea at the age of 14.

By 1886 he had gained all his certificates and served on the clipper ship Loch Torridon in East India trade. He obtained his Second-Mate’s certificate in Calcutta 1890 and served on the Wilson Line’s passenger steamer Montebello. He obtained his First-Mate’s certificate in 1894 and passed his Extra-Master in 1897. He was gazetted to sub-lieutenant RNR in June 1898 and studied magnetism at Kew Observatory, London.

He met Borchgrevink during a voyage to Norway. In 1901 he was placed in command of the ship  Morning - The relief vessel for Robert Falcon Scott’s National Antarctic (Discovery) Expedition (1901-04).

Captain Colbeck then returned to his former work and today is recognized in Antarctica with Cape Colbeck, Colbeck Bay and the Colbeck Archipelago.

 

<p>Members of Borchgrevink's Expedition.  From L to R:  Klovstad, Colbeck, Evans, Fougner and Hanson (Credit Scott Polar Research Institute)</p>
Hugh Blackwell Evans: 23, Assistant Zoologist.  Evans was born Aylburton in Gloucestershire England in 1874. He was the son of the Reverend Edward Evans and lived in Ledbury and Gloucester.

Evans was educated at King’s School Gloucester and in 1890 attended St John’s College, Qu’Appelle in Canada's North-West Territories.  Following this he worked for the next three years as a hired hand on a cattle ranch. He returned to Britain in 1896 then went to Australia and joined a 251 ton sailing brig Edward on a sealing expedition to the Kerguelen Islands where he also collected specimens for The Tring Museum.

Evans wintered at Cape Adare and before the expedition left Antarctica he joined Bernacchi, Fougner and Johansen on a brief sledge trip on the Ross Ice Shelf to a latitude 74o 34’ S.

He returned to Canada where he farmed cattle for many years.  In 1923 he became a founder of the Alberta Wheat Pool and eventually retired in Vermilion,  Alberta where he helped establish the Anglican church.  He died in February 1975 after being conferred with the Polar Medal as the oldest living explorer from the heroic era.  Throughout his life he remained a close friend of Captain Colbeck.

 

Read about the master and other members of the crew of the ship "Southern Cross"

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