Southern Cross Expedition Members

British Antarctic Expedition (1898-1900) Members

The following are brief biographies  of the Shore Party of the British Antarctic Expeditions 1898-1900.  The ages given are those at the start of the expedition in 1898.  Place names commemorating the person are also listed.

Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink : 34 Expedtion Leader.  Born in Kristiania (now Oslo) Norway 1864, Borchgrevink was the son of a Norwegian barrister and an English woman, whose maiden name was Miss Ridley. He was educated at Gjertsen College and later became a student at the Royal Forestry school, Tharandt, Saxony (1885-1888).

Carsten Borcgrevink (Colbeck Collection, Canterbury Museum)
Borchgrevink then went to Australia and worked with government surveyors for six years. In 1894 he arrived in Melbourne and joined H.J. Bull’s whaling expedition as an ‘ordinary seaman’. The expedition landed Possession Islands 19 January 1895 and Cape Adare, Antarctica on 24 January. He was one of only two married men on this expedition that was first to winter over on the Antarctic continent in 1899.  Before leaving Antarctica they made short sledge journeys on the Ross Ice Shelf.

After returning from Antarctica he travelled in the UK and USA.  He received several significant awards but it was not until 1930 that he was awarded the prestigous Patron’s Medal of the Royal Geographical Society. He died in Oslo 1934.

Antarctic features named after him are the Borchgrevink Coast, Borchgrevink Glacier and Borchgrevink Glacier Tongue, Borchgrevinkisen a glacier in the Sor Rondane Mountains and Borchgrevink Nunatak.

Anton Fougner: 30, Scientific Assistant. Fougner was born in Norway in 1870 and educated at a college in Kristiania. He obtained his mate’s certificate and became an experienced sailor as well as being a clever snow-shoe runner. At the time of his appointment to the Southern Cross he was an office clerk.  He was also responsible for the expedition's carpentry and sledging equipment.

Nicolai Hanson, member of Borchgrevink's Expedition

Nicolai Hanson: 28, Zoologist. 

Hanson was born at Kristiansund, Norway in 1870. He was the son of a broker and became an eager hunter, collector and taxidermist. He studied zoology under Professor Robert Collett at the University of Kristiania.

At the time of his appointment to the Southern Cross Expedition he was undertaking field work in northern Norway for the British Museum and for the Zoological Museum in Christiania.

An experienced skier he was also responsible for the expeditions' fuel, lighting, guns and ammunition. He married shortly before leaving for Antarctica and had a daughter, Johanne who he never saw.

Hanson wintered at Cape Adare in 1899 where he died 14 October after an extended illness. He was the first man to die on the continent and his grave is located on the Cape Adare above the huts.  Hanson Peak (1,255m) on the Adare Peninsula commemorates Nicolai Hanson.

Read about the other expedition members...

Scientific Staff on the Southern Cross. L to R: Evans, Hanson, Colbeck, Klovstad, Fougner and Bernacchi (Bernacchi Collection, Canterbury Museum)



Cape Adare
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Cape Adare
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